Tag: weather

Giant Cyclones in the South Pacific and Australia

A level 5 cyclone called Pam has hit several South Pacific countries. There have been flash floods and very high winds in Tuvalu, Kiribati and the Solomon Islands.  A level 3 cyclone called Olwyn has hit the western coast of Australia and there are winds of 195 kph (kilometres per hour) There has been a lot of damage to buildings and lots of people have been evacuated. However, luckily, no one has been injured or killed. Vocabulary: flash floods (n: floods that start very quickly), high winds (adj+n: strong and fast winds), evacuate (v: to leave your house because of...

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Earthquake in England

Vocabulary: earthquake (n), magnitude (n), epicentre (n), to wonder (v), according to (prep.). An earthquake with a magnitude of 2.9 was felt in the south of England last night at about 6:30pm. The epicentre was just north of the city of Winchester. No one was injured and there was no serious damage done. It only lasted a couple of seconds but confused neighbours came out of their houses wondering what had happened. Some thought that a huge airplane had passed over the city, others thought that there had been an explosion. It is not uncommon for the UK to get small earthquakes. According to the British Geological Survey, the UK has about 10 small earthquakes a year. The biggest earthquake that the UK has experienced was in 1931. It had a magnitude of 6.1. Most of the country felt this earthquake, as well as some parts of France, the Netherlands, Germany, Norway and...

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2014: the hottest year on record

Vocabulary: rainfall (n), to suffer from (v), drought (n), greenhouse gases (n), vocal (adj), anomaly (n). Last year was the warmest year since records began. The temperature was especially higher in the ocean, Europe and Australia. However some parts of the USA were colder than previous years. All in all, the planet in 2014 was the hottest that it has been since people started recording global temperatures in the late 19th century. There were also many extreme weather events in 2014. For example, Guelmim, a town in the south of Morocco, received a year’s rainfall in just four days and Japan had the most rainfall it has ever had. On the other hand, certain parts of the USA, China and Central-South America did not get any rain and suffered from droughts. Bob Ward, from the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change at the London School of Economics says that this is evidence that the increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is causing the climate to change. The BBC reports that a “small but vocal” number of people deny this and that these results are anomalies. There is a UN Climate Summit in Paris at the end of the year. Many people believe that these statistics prove the existence of Climate Change and might influence heads of state into reducing emissions. Taken...

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