Tag: Health

Coffee is good for you

A new study in Korea has found that people who drink 3-5 cups of coffee a day are less likely to have heart disease. The study showed that coffee drinkers have cleaner arteries than those who do not drink coffee. The study involved over 25,000 people, both male and female. However, there is still debate as to whether coffee is good or bad for you in general. Other studies have shown that drinking lots of coffee can raise people’s blood pressure and cholesterol. More research is therefore needed into the effects of drinking coffee. The researchers also pointed out that the study was conducted in Korea, and the results may be different here because the Koreans have a very different lifestyle and diet. Vocabulary: heart disease (n), artery (n), blood pressure (n), cholesterol (n), debate as to whether (phrase), to point out (phrasal verb), to conduct (a study) (v), lifestyle (n). Discussion questions: How much coffee do you drink? Do you know anyone who is addicted to coffee? Which do you prefer: hot chocolate, tea or coffee? Story: BBC Photo: Open...

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Are British people so stupid they would eat flowers?

Supermarkets in the UK have been told to move daffodils, a popular yellow flower, away from fruit and vegetables. Public Health England, a part of the government, is worried that people might get confused and think that the flowers are onions or a type of Chinese vegetable. Daffodils are very poisonous and will make you vomit if you eat them. Therefore Public Health England has asked supermarkets to move the daffodil flowers and bulbs away from the fruit and vegetable section. Last year 27 people in the UK were poisoned by eating a daffodil.   Vocabulary: daffodil (n), poisonous (adj), vomit (v), bulb...

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Half of UK people will get cancer

Vocabulary: charity (n), to predict (v), calculation (n), chance of survival (n), survival rate (n), statistically (adv). Cancer Research UK, a charity, has revealed a new study that predicts that around half of the UK population will get cancer at some point in their lives. The charity had previously predicted that one in three people will develop cancer. However, they have changed their calculation and now predict that 54% of men and 48% of women will now develop some form of cancer during their life. The reason is because more people are living longer so they are statistically more likely to develop cancer. People are also eating more red meat and are more obese than in the past; two factors which can make your risk of cancer higher. However, there is also good news: the survival rate of cancer is increasing. Professor Peter Sasieni, from Queen Mary University of London, said that “There is quite a lot we can do to prevent cancer”. The important thing is to catch it early. The earlier the cancer is found, the higher the chance of survival. Photo source:...

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Ebola virus is changing and becoming more dangerous

Vocabulary: to mutate (v), form (n), contagious (adj), blood sample (n), cure (v+n), vaccine (n), symptoms (n), to pass on (phrasal verb), to track (v), spread (n+v). Scientists who are studying the Ebola virus have said that it is mutating: the virus is changing its form. They are investigating whether the virus is more contagious than last year. Blood samples are being sent to France in order to study this. Ebola is a virus that is similar to HIV and Influenza (the flu): these types of viruses mutate rapidly; any cure or vaccine we have will not work on the new mutation. The fear is that Ebola has mutated so that some people who have the virus don’t show symptoms; they don’t look or feel ill at all. However, they are still contagious and pass the virus on to other people. Because they don’t show symptoms, it is more difficult to track the development and spread of the virus. Currently the survival rate of Ebola is 40%. The research in France will hopefully give scientists a clear reason as to why some people survive the virus and others don’t. They also hope to develop a vaccine against...

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What is the future of Ebola?

vocabulary: to discuss (v), to be prepared for (v+adj), outbreak (n), vaccine, (n), epidemic (n), to come up with (phrasal verb), stable (adj). There has not been much about Ebola in the news recently. However, with the start of the World Economics Forum in Davos this week, many scientists and politicians are again starting to discuss Ebola. Ebola was discovered in 1976 but because very few people had had Ebola, there was no reason to spend lots of money researching it. Scientists believed that the disease was not very dangerous. This is why the world was not prepared for the outbreak of Ebola in western Africa last year. However, since last year, many trials have been organised to find a vaccine for Ebola. Professor Piot, from the London School of Tropical Medicine, said in Davos this week that the next time there is an epidemic of Ebola, there will be a cure. He also told politicians that countries must work together and come up with a global public health policy. He believes that there are likely to be more outbreaks of diseases like Ebola in the future. Because people travel more, and have contact with more people, this means that diseases can spread more quickly. The British nurse who returned to the UK with Ebola in December is in a stable condition and is recovering. She is still in hospital....

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